Squash

Bumblebee pollinating squash ©Janet Allen
Bumblebee pollinating squash

Summer squash is one of our favorite foods, especially patty pan squash. This is the only squash we have grown in the past few years. Summer squash is easy to grow but pests sometimes make it frustrating. Here's an insect that is clearly not a pest.

Squash needs to be pollinated or no fruit develops. Here, a bumblebee is doing the job.

Squash bees, of course, are also excellent pollinators.

Patty pan squash developing ©Janet Allen
Patty pan squash developing

We have seen patty pan squash at the farmer's market that were picked when very small (not much bigger than a golf ball).

We try to pick ours when they are three to four inches in diameter. Bigger than that they begin to have seeds, but even then they are tender.

The harvest begins in early July and continues until the first frost.

Squash in container
Squash in container

Squash take up a lot of space and one year we tried growing some in containers. They grew well and produced earlier than those in the garden beds, but they soon became heavy and tended to fall over the side of the container. Production over the whole season was much better with those grown in the garden beds. Those in containers also need to be watered on a daily basis at least. We have not continued the container experiment.

Problems with borers

Squash protected by row cover ©Janet Allen
Squash protected by row cover

We have not yet been able to escape damage from squash vine borers. Invariably, as the season progresses there comes a day when the earliest planted summer squash plants begin to wilt. If left unattended they are soon finished.

Obviously if we could keep the insect that produces the borer off of the plants the squash will be fine. The photo shows what we did.

We place row cover material over the seedling as soon as we planted it. Assuming that was all that was needed, we waited until the plants began to flower and then uncovered them. This is necessary for the flowers to be pollinated and form fruit. Unfortunately the wasp-like insect that lays the eggs for the squash vine borer was still active when we uncovered it, and in due course the plant succumbed. More was needed.

Cheesecloth around squash stem ©Janet Allen
Cheesecloth around squash stem

The next year, I wound a narrow strip of cheesecloth around the base of the plant in the hope that it would prevent the insect from getting to the base of the plant to lay eggs. I also covered two of them with row cover material.

John with squash ©Janet Allen
With squash I harvested

It seemed to work, but just as I was about to report that my plan was successful, parts of the plants began to wilt and fairly soon they were simply not producing very much. When I looked I could see that borers had dug their usual tunnels in the stem.

But the cheesecloth must have delayed them for a while, with the result that we had over a hundred pounds of patty pan squash that year.

The next year we began to find the borer. Admittedly this was not until one plant was clearly beginning to decline. In fact the plant was hardly still attached to its root. When the stem was examined and dissected there were at least nine borers in it. I began to examine the other squash plants and found evidence of borers in them also. I dug into the stems with a knife, nearly severing the stem, in fact, and squashed the borers that I found there. I then put the stems back together and covered them with soil. They survived this treatment for quite some time, much to my amazement.

Squash vine borer ©Janet Allen Squash vine borer

When do the borers arrive? Our past experience was that squash seeds planted when the first ones were wilting survived. This suggests that the eggs for the borer are laid over a limited span of time and that a later planting after that time will survive. However, one year the later plantings were also infected but I did not wait until the first ones were dying.

Around June 20th is the recommended time to begin looking for evidence of the borers.

Maybe the combination of covering, using cheesecloth, and inspections beginning June 20th will result in a season long crop of squash. Two or three plants should be enough.

How we eat them

In 2015 our two squash plants produced so many squashes we resorted to putting them on a table in front to give away to passersby. We just couldn't eat any more fresh squash, and they aren't good candidates for dehydrating or freezing. Too late we discovered an easy way to preserve them: pureeing cooked squash and freezing it to use in soups.

We stir fry a lot of squash and also bake them in a casserole with feta and swiss cheese. We do freeze some of the casserole, but it's not as good as it is fresh.

Harvest record

YR LB Notes
15
14 85
13 36 We grew just two plants this year, which provided all the squash we needed
12 46
11 60
10 109
09 20